Department of Kayachikitsa (Rasayana-Vajeekarana), Shri BMK Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research Centre, India
Received date: January 21, 2018; Accepted date: February 05, 2018; Published date: February 09, 2018
Citation: Sukumar N, Namrata B, Skandan KP, Anita D, Swarda U (2018) Torch Infection and its Management with Ayurveda, an Indigenous Medicine. Gynecol Obstet Case Rep Vol.4:No.1:59. doi: 10.21767/2471-8165.1000059
Abortion is a personal and emotional loss to young couple planning to start a family. Full term delivery is necessary for healthy progeny. Recurrent pregnancy loss is a common presentation reported in childbearing age. Multifactor are responsible for pregnancy loss. TORCH (Toxoplasmosis, Rubella, Cytomegalo virus, Herpes simplex) infection is one among them. We present here a case of a 32-year-old woman who approached outpatient department of Srishti fertility centre of Shri BMK Ayurvedic Hospital with complaint of no issues after 7 years of married life. Her history revealed she suffered from TORCH infection and had three abortions. She sought care at different fertility centres and underwent IUI twice, with no positive result. She was treated with Ayurvedic medication as mentioned in classical textbooks (1500 BC), she conceived and delivered a full term healthy baby without any complication.
TORCH; Repeated abortion; Habitual abortion; Ayurveda; Pregnancy loss
Ayurveda is a well-established ancient system of medicine known to mankind. According to Ayurveda four pillars for conception are fertile period, healthy endometrium or implanting bed or uterus, proper nourishment, healthy ovum and sperms . Any derangement in these factors leads to fetal abnormalities, causing Infertility . Presently pregnancy loss is the common presentation causing distress to couples as well as physicians. Great Ayurvedic forefathers had illustrated this under multiple concepts. Uterine abnormality is one among them . According to Ayurvedic classics repeated abortion (Putraghni yonivyapat) is an inflammatory disorder , written as “early loss of pregnancy”.
It is evident that maternal infections play vital role in loss of pregnancy . Recurrent pregnancy loss is defined as three or more consecutive pregnancy losses at ≤ 20 weeks of gestational age or with a fetal weight < 500 grams . It may occur due to genetic abnormality, immune factors, life style, ovarian factors, environmental factors stress and various infections . Prenatal and perinatal infections play important role in manifestation of recurrent pregnancy loss under TORCH acronym (Toxoplasmosis, Rubella, Cytomegalo virus, Herpes simplex) [6,7]. Primary infection caused by TORCH is major cause of bad obstetric history [8,9]. Mainly if infected with Rubella and Cytomegalo virus pregnancy is lost through spontaneous abortions . This is detailed in Ayurvedic texts.
We present here a case study of a woman with TORCH infection which was successfully managed with Ayurvedic treatment. A 32-year-old female professional software engineer visited outpatient department of Shristi fertility centre at B.M. Kankanwadi Ayurvedic Hospital KLE University with complaint of no issues, marital life of 7 years with trying period of 5 years with regular intercourse and slight dyspareunia and proper sexual knowledge. She had a history of regular menses 4-5/28-30 days with no clots or dysmenorrhea. Her past history showed no any other comorbid illness like HTN/DM. Thyroid profile was within normal limit. She had a history of 2 abortion consecutively and 1 termination because of absence of cardiac activity and presence of empty fetal sac in last three years. Family history showed all family members were healthy. Her previous treatment details showed coarse of antibiotic therapy and twice IUI with no positive outcome. Clinical examination showed her as normal.
Previous USG scan reported pregnancy loss and termination due to absence of fetal cardiac activity and empty fetal sac. HSG revealed presence of Right fimbrial block. Thyroid profile, Complete blood count and Karyotyping was Normal. TORCH panel revealed IgG Toxoplasmas: 6.50; IgG Cytomegalovirus: 239.80; IgG to Rubella: 105.50. Partner profile was normal.
On the above findings and investigations case was diagnosed to be as recurrent pregnancy loss due to TORCH.
This infection can be fatal by harming fetal development leading to repeated pregnancy loss by utero infection, which has to be treated accordingly [2,10]. During intrauterine period ability of fetus to resist organisms is limited and fetal immune system is unable to prevent the dissemination of infectious organisms .
Purgation is the best treatment in inflammatory disorders . Ayurvedic treatment was started with seven days authentic purgation therapy with processed castor oil under strict monitoring for detoxification of antibodies and neuro - endocrinal proper functioning. This is followed by herbal oral medication* for a month aimed to achieve proper ovulation, implantation, microcirculation, fetal development, immune modulation and prevention of abortion. Along with this local vaginal tampon insertion with medicated oil for 7 days was done to relieve local infection and dyspareunia. Patient conceived and regular antenatal care check-up with regular USG showed wellbeing of both growing fetus and mother. She delivered a healthy full term normal male baby weighing 2600gm with no post-delivery complications.
As a conclusion recurrent abortion due to TORCH infection in this woman was managed with Ayurvedic treatment such as detoxification, herbal decoctions, tablets AND local procedures*. In present case, patient became pregnant and delivered full-term healthy baby.
*Details of the oral medications and procedures will be provided on request.
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